Varieties of Pineapples
Principal Varieties of Pineapples Produced
Through the effect of exporting companies and with the support of Government of Ghana and other non-governmental organizations and donors, the following varieties of pineapples are now available in Ghana in commercial quantities for export:
Smooth Cayenne has large fruits (1,5 -2.5 kg) and suitable for fresh processing. The fresh is pale yellow, soft and juicy, with sugar of 13-19 o Brix. This variety constitutes over 80% of exports.
Queen Victoria has a small fruit of weight 0.5-1kg with a full yellow shell when ripe. The pulp is crispy and sweet (14 to 18 o Brix) with an excellent flavor and shelf life. Exports from this variety are about 2.5%.
MD2 has medium to large fruit (1.3 – 2.5 kg) cylindrical fruits with an intense yellow color. The clear yellow pulp is sweet, compact and fibrous. It is high in sugar (15 -17o Brix) and ascorbic acid but lower in total acid than “Smooth cayenne”.
Sugar Loaf is characterized by conical fruit shape, pale color of flesh and sweet fruits with little acidity. Fruit size may rage from 0.5 – 1.5kg. Production is concentrated in the Mfantseman District of the Central Region. Most fruits are for the local market.